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Snow Owl September 2004

National Geographic
The South Pueblo of the Taos Indians: New Mexico

This is a big community house, the home of about three hundred industrious people.


National Geographic
 Pueblo Bonito from the Northeast Chaco Canyon

National Geographic
North Wall of the Pueblo Bonito as seen from the North: Chaco Canyon

Large beams have been torn from the round holes at the top. Today no timber of this size is to be found within forty miles of the canyon. The openings at the ground level have been cut by vandals.

National Geographic
National Geographic

Nature (above two photos) carved a grand redoubt in Second Mesa. Founders of the village of shipolovi had retreated to this summit during the late 1600s in anticipation of Spanish intrusions into their territory. Certain areas of the Hopi reservation reman non-Indians today.


National Geographic


National Geographic
Sun Bow Pueblo Chief, of Taos, New Mexico (at the time of the original article-Snow Owl)

This noble specimen of his race, though wearing a war bonnet, is a man of peaceful pursuits. He and his people are not wards of the Government, for they hold their lands under early Spanish grants, and have always handled their own tribal affairs and property.


National Geographic
Tiny warriors of the peaceful people Arizona - These Hopi youngsters are children of the sun in a double sense.

They are dedicated to that luminary deity by their parents, and are completely exposed to its penetrating desert rays until they are well in their teens.

As their name signifies, the Hopi Indians are
Pacific; but they are far from being pacifists.

Their standing army consists of a clan in
Which every mother raises her son to be a warrior, just as certain other clans are entrusted with the perpetuation of the Snake Dance and similar customs.


National Geographic
A Turquoise Driller for ages turquoise has been the highly prized treasure of the Indians of the Southwest.

National Geographic
Evening Effect Walpi, Arizona -

Like the people of San Marino, who climbed a mountain to live in liberty and serenity, the Hopi self-styled People of Peace took refuge in the cliffs of Northeastern Arizonato avoid constant warring with cruder tribes. Walpi is on the summit of a sheer cliff.


National Geographic
An Old War Captain of Laguna Pueblo, New Mexico

The bow and arrow today are relics of bitter tribal wars of long ago. A more potent Mace is a cane, prized by many council chiefs, who hold this symbol of prestige because of a visit to the Great White Father in Washington. Some of these canes have been handed down from patriarchs who made the cross-continent journey during Lincolns administration.


National Geographic
A Water Carrier of Acoma, New Mexico -

Acoma is said to be the oldest continuously inhabited village in the United States. Its people defied the Spaniards before Jamestown or Plymouth Rock appeared in history.


National Geographic
An Art School -

The arts and crafts known to the Zuni have been very effectively handed down from one Generation to another in such schools as this.


National Geographic
Indian Millers

The metates, or grinding stones, used by the Zuni in making meal are very like those used in Pueblo Bonito. These stone mills are an inheritance from remote antiquity and have been utilized by primitive people in many parts of the world.


National Geographic

Lifted from its aerie, a young golden eagle from Canyon Diablo will begin a new life in Hopi ritual. Taken in the spring, the eaglet ceremonially becomes a member of the family and is kept on a rooftop.

In late July, the bird is sacrificed to send its spirit to its ancestors with an appeal for rain. The practice is permitted by federal law
for native Americans engaged in religious rituals.

National Geographic

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