NATIVE AMERICAN QUOTES-PART 1
Sometimes, to listen to many would be historians
(past and present), some of the intelligentsia, with tongue-in-cheek I say: one or two of the oh so self-sufficient Pilgrims and their current crop of descendants, and apparently all the politicians - the Native American IQ should have been on a par with the average grape and apparently if anything, according to present day rampant know-it-alls on the "web", even less than that.
I have never been able to understand, much less condone, people who blithely ascribe such terms as savage, barbarian, stupidity, uneducated, worthless, inability to think, to anyone who "thinks" differently than they do or have a different set of priorities, or simply have enough heart to honor the very environment The Creator gave to all.
Any person has the right to disagree with another. However, while "might makes right" is a viable slogan to any given winner, it does not necessarily follow that the winner is/was "right", it just means that they were stronger at that particular time. Witness Nazi Germany at their apex for one good example.
And as Nazi Germany was ultimately defeated - I, myself, firmly believe that ultimately Light will overcome Dark in Total Victory. However, it would behoove one and all to remember that until That Time, Dark will and does win a battle here and there. But just because it does, this does not mean that what its minions verbally bludgeon others with is right; nor is it Truth.
Well, in order to please some folks out there; to refute some; and definitely to educate more than a few people, I have put together the following quotations from various Native American personages from 200 or so years ago to the present. Not just being satisfied with this, I will most likely put some of my own comments here and there.
Charles Alexander Eastman (Santee Sioux): 1858 - 1939
If you ask: "what are the fruits of silence?", he will say: " They are self-control, true courage or endurance, patience, dignity and reverence. Silence is the cornerstone of character."
Talk to anyone that has lived long enough to be able to say that they have many acquaintances but the number of "friends" can be counted on one hand, and you will find them in complete agreement with the above words.
"It is well known to us that it is Crook rather than Reno who is to be blamed for cowardice in connection with Custer's fate. The latter had no chance to do anything, he was lucky to save himself; but if Crook had kept on his way, as ordered, to meet Terry, with his one thousand regulars and two hundred Crow and Shoshone scouts, he would inevitably have intercepted Custer in his advance and saved the day for him, and war with the Sioux would have ended right there. Instead of this, he fell back upon Fort Meade, eating his horses on the way, in a country swarming with game, for fear of Crazy Horse and his braves!"
It never changes, it pays to have friends in high places; Crook did, Reno did not. And, who would ever take the words of the "loser" as being Truth?
Chief Joseph (Nez Perce): 1840 - 1904
"Whenever the white man treats the Indian as they treat each other, then we will have no more wars. We shall all be alike--brothers of one father and one another, with one sky above us and one country around us, and one government for all."
"Good words to not last long unless they amount to something. Words cannot pay for my dead people. They do not pay for my country, now overrun by white men. They do not protect my fathers grave. They do not pay for all my horses and cattle.
Good words will not give me back my children. Good words will not make good the promise of your War Chief. Good words will not give my people good health and stop them from dying. Good words will not get my people a home where they can live in peace and take care themselves.
I am tired of talk that comes to nothing. It makes my heart sad to remember all the good words and all the broken promises. There has been too much talking by men who had no right to talk."
There it is, in a nutshell. Many Native American personages who had the right to speak, were indeed there to do just that, and did so in good faith. Who did they end up speaking with? Sometimes men who had their Word of Honor thrown right out the same window that the fate of the Native American was tossed out of. For sure, The Great White Fathers, with all their love and caring for the Native American, simply could not be bothered to meet face-to-face with words they absolutely knew aforehand, would never be honored.
But mainly, the Native American Leaders, who had the misfortune of being known as a Chief instead of President, had to speak to lackeys regardless of the rank, sent by Presidents who either cared not one whit of the fate and plight of the Native American, or succumbed to the rich interests of those most assuredly did care about the fate of the Native American, as long as that fate ensured that the Native American ended up with nothing of slightest worth and if it later appeared there was something of worth…they took that back. I have an idea that if human body waste had proven to be valuable the Native American would still be relieving themselves only in Government sponsored, guarded and collected outhouses.
"The earth is the mother of all people, and all people should have equal rights upon it. Let me be a free man, free to travel, free to stop, free to work, free to trade where I choose. Let me be free to choose my own teachers, free to follow the religion of my fathers, free to think and talk and act for myself and I will obey every law, or submit to the penalty."
How can anyone fault the sentiments of these words; or view the speaker as some ignorant barbaric savage? Are these not precursor words of those like: Martin Luther King? So, where is the Boulevard named after Chief Joseph, the holiday for Chief Joseph's Birthday? Oh, I see, naming sports teams after Native Americans, and selling foam rubber tomahawks is America's special way of honoring the Native American, even the "Blacks" don't get that! Well, that certainly makes things a lot better, eh?
"Brother! We are told that you have been preaching to the white people in this place. These people are our neighbors. We are acquainted with them. We will wait a little while, and see what effect your preaching has upon them.
If we find it does them good and makes them honest and less disposed to cheat us, we will then consider again becoming Christians."
That quote just tickles me to no end. Especially, since those that were preaching were coming to America to escape "religious persecution" and the first thing they end up doing is….hmmmm, religious persecution, imagine that.
"We also have a religion which was given to our forefathers, and has been handed down to us their children. It teaches us to be thankful, to be united, and to love one another! We never quarrel about religion."
Non-Native Americans have to understand a huge misconception. I can not count how many books I have read with regard to comparative religion, where it describes the Native American Spiritual Way, "religion" if you absolutely have to, as being Aninism: that is, worship of animals, etc.
The Native American no more "worships" animals than the "Christian" worships The Cross. The Christian worships The One that went to The Cross, and the Native American worships The One that made the animals. Just like the Christian respects and honors The Cross, the Native American respects and honors their fellow created beings and the Earth they walk upon. You might come back with:
"But they have dreams of wolves, bears, hawks and eagles." Well, Christians dream of angels and demons. You might say: "Oh, they identify themselves with bears and wolves and the like." Well, so do Cub Scouts of America, Girl Scouts of America and Boy Scouts of America; various military units; many sports teams….does this mean all of these are ignorant, pagan, non-Christian barbaric savages? See the Native Americans as they are, and begin to learn their Way is not so different from yours; and begin to respect and honor even that much.
"We first knew you a feeble plant which wanted a little earth whereon to grow. We gave it to you; and afterward, when we could have trod you under our feet, we watered and protected you; and now you have grown to be a mighty tree, whose top reaches the clouds, and whose branches overspread the whole land, whilst we, who were the tall pines of the forest, have become a feeble plant and need your protection."
"Brother, you say there is but one way to worship and serve the Great Spirit. If there is but one religion, why do you white people differ so much about it? Why not all agree, as you can all read The Book?"
Black Hawk (Sauk): 1767-1838
"How smooth must be the language of the whites, when they can make right look wrong and wrong look right."
Best description of a lawyer I ever saw! Black Hawk died in 1838 and eventually his remains were located in the Burlington Historical Society in Illinois, which burned down in 1855. The real point here is, I wonder how long it would take for "America" to rise up in outrageous voice if it were to be announced that the bones or remains of some U.S. Presidents were to be placed in the Smithsonian?
Chief Tecumseh (Shawnee Nation):
"So live your life that the fear of death can never enter your heart. Trouble no one about their religion, respect others in their view, and demand that they respect yours. Love your life, perfect your life, beautify all things in your life. Seek to make your life long and its purpose in the service of your people. Prepare a noble death song for the day when you go over the great divide. Always give a word or a sign of salute when meeting or passing a friend, even a stranger, when in a lonely place. Show respect to all people and grovel to none. When you arise in the morning, give thanks for the food and for the joy of living. If you see no reason for giving thanks, the fault lies only in yourself. Abuse no one and no thing, for abuse turns the wise ones to fools and robs the spirit of its vision. When it comes your time to die, be not like those whose hearts are filled with the fear of death, so that when their time comes, they weep and pray for a little more time to live their lives over again in a different way. Sing your death song and die like a hero going home."
Geronimo (Bedonkohe Apache): 1829 - 1909
I cannot think that we are useless or God would not have created us. There is one God looking down on us all. We are all the children of one God. The sun, the darkness, the winds are all listening to what we have to say.
These words, these wonderful words coming from the heart of a one that "Americans" are taught to believe was one of the worst murdering savages ever.
"When a child my mother taught me the legends of our people; taught me of the sun and sky, the moon and stars, the clouds and storms. She also taught me to kneel and pray to Usen for strength, health, wisdom, and protection. We never prayed against any person, but if we had aught against any individual we ourselves took vengeance. We were taught that Usen does not care for the petty quarrels of men."
Geronimo died on Feb. 17, 1909, a prisoner of war, unable to return to his homeland. He was buried in the Apache cemetery at Fort Sill, Oklahoma.
Hole-in-the-Day (Ojibway): early 1800's - c. 1875
"Let no material gain be the motive or reward of public duty."
Ah yes, most assuredly the Prime Motto of the current day politician, for sure.
Wooden Leg (Cheyenne):
"The old Indian teaching was that is is wrong to tear loose from its place on the earth anything that may be growing there. It may be cut off, but it should not be uprooted. The trees and the grass have spirits. Whatever one of such growth may be destroyed by some good Indian, his act is done in sadness and with a prayer for forgiveness because of his necessities..."
"The idea of full dress for preparation for a battle comes not from a belief that it will add to the fighting ability. The preparation is for death, in case that should be the result of conflict. Every Indian wants to look his best when he goes to meet the great Spirit, so the dressing up is done whether in imminent danger is an oncoming battle or a sickness or injury at times of peace."
"When a man does a piece of work which is admired by all we say that it is wonderful; but when we see the changes of day and night, the sun, the moon, and the stars in the sky, and the changing seasons upon the earth, with their ripening fruits, anyone must realize that it is the work of someone more powerful than man."
"A very great vision is needed and the man who has it must follow it as the eagle seeks the deepest blue of the sky. I was hostile to the white man...we preferred hunting to a life of idleness on our reservations. At times we did not get enough to eat and we were not allowed to hunt. All we wanted was peace and to be left alone. Soldiers came and destroyed our villages. Then Long Hair (Custer) came...They say we massacred him, but he would have done the same to us. Our first impulse was to escape but we were so hemmed in we had to fight."
"Look at me--I am poor and naked, but I am the chief of the nation.We do not want riches, but we do want to train our children right. Riches would do us no good. We could not take them with us to the other world. We do not want riches. We want peace and love."
There have been quite a few "great men" of history that have died at age 33; Jesus of Nazareth, Alexander the Great, a Caeser, Chief Crazy Horse, among others. Could give one food for thought.
Black Elk (Oglala Sioux): 1863-1950
"Great Spirit, Great Spirit, my Grandfather, all over the earth the faces of living things are all alike...Look upon these faces of children without number and with children in their arms, that they may face the winds and walk the good road to the day of the quiet."
"Oh hear me, Grandfather, and help us, that our generation in the future will live and walk the good road with the flowering stick to success. Also, the pipe of peace, we will offer it as we walk the good road to success. Hear me and hear our plea."
Are these words so different; are these sentiments; are these said in prayer, so far from what the common masses voice this very day?
"Grown men can learn from very little children for the hearts of the little children are pure.
Therefore, the Great Spirit may show to them many things which older people miss."
"The Earth does not belong to man; man belongs to the Earth."
"There is no death. Only a change of worlds."
"I have been very poor and hungry all winter and am very sick now. In a little while I will die. When I do, my people will be very poor; they will have no property, no chief and no one to talk for them."
Chief Seattle (Sealth) died shortly after this statement.
Sitting Bull (Hunkpapa Lakota Sioux): 1831-1890
"I wish it to be remembered that I was the last man of my tribe to surrender my rifle."
"If a man loses anything and goes back and looks carefully for it, he will find it, and that is what the Indians are doing now when they ask you to give them the things that were promised them in the past; and I do not consider that they should be treated like beasts, and that is the reason I have grown up with the feelings I have….I feel that my country has gotten a bad name, and I want it to have a good name; it used to have a good name; and I sit sometimes and wonder who it is that has given it a bad name."
Sequoyah (Tslagi/Cherokee Paint Clan): 1770's - ????
"It is said that in ancient times, when writing first began, a man named Moses made marks on a stone. I can agree with you by what name to call those marks and that will be writing and can be understood."
Sequoyah discovered that there are 85 vowel and consonant sounds in the Tsalagi language. Using/inventing what was to later be called Talking Leaves, this was the core of the Tsalagi or Cherokee alphabet.
In 1821, Sequoyah demonstrated his alphabet before Tsalagi leaders and history shows it as being adopted as the official written language of the Tsalagi/Cherokee. With this action, an entire nation of people, the Tslagi/Cherokee became literate in little more than a year.
Luther Standing Bear (Chief, Oglala Lakota Sioux): 1905-1939
"From Wakan Tanka, the Great Spirit, there came a great unifying life force that flowed in and through all things -- the flowers of the plains, blowing winds, rocks, trees, birds, animals -- and was the same force that had been breathed into the first man. Thus all things were kindred, and were brought together by the same Great Mystery."
"The Lakota could despise no creature, for all were of one blood, made by the same hand, and filled with the essence of the Great Mystery. In spirit, the Lakota were humble and meek. 'Blessed are the meek, for they shall inherit the earth' -- this was true for the Lakota, and from the earth they inherited secrets long since forgotten. Their religion was sane, natural, and human."
"The old Lakota was wise. He knew that a man's heart away from Nature becomes hard; he knew that lack of respect for growing, living things soon lead to a lack of respect for humans too."
"Out of the Indian approach to existence there came a great freedom -- an intense and absorbing love for nature; a respect for life; enriching faith in a Supreme Power; and principles of truth, honesty, generosity, equity, and brotherhood...."
"The white man does not understand the Indian for the reason that he does not understand America. He is too far removed from its formative processes. The roots of the tree of his life have not yet grasped the rock and soil. The white man is still troubled with primitive fears; he still has in his consciousness the perils of this frontier continent, some of its fastnesses not yet having yielded to his questing footsteps and inquiring eyes. The man from Europe is still a foreigner and an alien."
"When the Indian has forgotten the music of his forefathers, when the sound of the tom-tom is no more, when the memory of his heroes is no longer told in story ... he will be dead. When from him has been taken all that is his, all that he has visioned in nature, all that has come to him from infinite sources, he then, truly, will be a dead Indian."
Washakie (Eastern Shoshone <Wyoming> Chief): 1804-1900
"The white man, who possesses this whole vast country from sea to sea, who roams over it at pleasure and lives where he likes, cannot know the cramp we feel in this little spot, with the underlying remembrance of the fact, which you know as well as we, that every foot of what you proudly call America not very long ago belonged to the red man. The Great Spirit gave it to us. There was room for all His many tribes, and all were happy in their freedom."
"The white man's government promised that if we, the Shoshones, would be content with the little patch allowed us, it would keep us well supplied with everything necessary to comfortable living, and would see that no white man should cross our borders for our game or anything that is ours. But it has not kept its word! The white man kills our game, captures our furs, and sometimes feeds his herds upon our meadows. And your great and mighty government--oh sir, I hesitate, for I cannot tell the half! It does not protect our rights. It leaves us without the promised seed, without tools for cultivating the land, without implements for harvesting our crops, without breeding animals better than ours, without the food we still lack, after all we can do, without the many comforts we cannot produce, without the schools we so much need for our children."
"I say again, the government does not keep its word!"
This last sentiment is true to this very day. The US Government keeps its word only so long as it benefits it and pleases it to do so. Period, end of story. This applies not only to the Native American but to every people and individual who dares to withhold a bit of their mind for their very own thinking and reasoning. And there is not a person in this country who has risen to read above, "See Spot run. Run, run, run.", that can deny it. But then again, the US Government is not alone in this, the rest of the world's governments are just the same. Each government is out to feather its bed and will say anything, do anything to ensure that, despite what the common people of any given country may or may not want….,it will be what the "government" wants. And if the people in America do not believe these then they had best take a very long cold hard look at the fact that it is not the Popular Vote that elects Presidents, but the Electoral College and that College does NOT have to go with the particular State's popular choice. It would appear that the College has not gone contrary to each State's Choice thus far. However, in view of this day and age where many things the government has done in past history coming to light, I would not bet the farm on it.
There was no hope on earth, and God seemed to have forgotten us. Some said they saw the Son of God; others did not see him. If He had come, He would do some great things as He had done before. We doubted it because we had seen neither Him nor His works. The people did not know; they did not care. They snatched at the hope. They screamed like crazy men to Him for mercy. They caught at the promise they heard He had made. The white men were frightened and called for soldiers. We had begged for life, and the white men thought we wanted theirs.
"The Great Father told the commissioners that all the Indians had rights to the Black Hills, and that whatever conclusion the Indians themselves would come to would be respected….I am an Indian and am looked on by the whites as a foolish man; but it must be because I follow the advice of the white man."
Charles Hicks (Tslagi/Cherokee) Vice-chief Trail of Tears 11/5/1838:
"We are now about to take our leave and kind farewell to our native land, the country the Great Spirit gave our Fathers, we are on the eve of leaving that country that gave us birth...it is with sorrow we are forced by the white man to quit the scenes of our childhood...we bid farewell to it and all we hold dear."
Chief Plenty Coups (Crow): 18** - 1932
The ground on which we stand is sacred ground. It is the dust and blood of our ancestors. On these plains the Great White Father in Washington sent his soldiers armed with long knives and rifles to slay the Indian. Many of them sleep on yonder hill where Pahaska -- White Chief of the Long Hair (General Custer) -- so bravely fought and fell. A few more passing suns will see us here no more, and our dust and bones will mingle with these same prairies. I see as in a vision the dying spark of our council fires, the ashes cold and white. I see no longer the curling smoke rising from our lodge poles. I hear no longer the songs of the women as they prepare the meal. The antelope have gone; the buffalo wallows are empty. Only the wail of the coyote is heard. The white man's medicine is stronger than ours; his iron horse [the railroad] rushes over the buffalo trail. He talks to us through his "whispering spirit" [the telephone]. We are like birds with a broken wing. My heart is cold within me. My eyes are growing dim... I am old..".
"My reason for making this bequest of land is that it may be a monument to the friendship I have always felt for the white people, I desire that this park may commemorate that attitude and be a reminder to Indians and white people that the two races should live and work together harmoniously."
Mourning Dove/Christine Quintasket (Salish): 1888 - 1936
"...Everything on the earth has a purpose, every disease an herb to cure it, and every person a mission. This is the Indian theory of existence."
Children were encouraged to develop strict discipline and a high regard for sharing. When a girl picked her first berries and dug her first roots, they were given away to an elder so she would share her future success. When a child carried water for the home, an elder would give compliments, pretending to taste meat in water carried by a boy or berries in that of a girl. The child was encouraged not to be lazy and to grow straight like a sapling.
Robert Higheagle (Teton Sioux):
It is strictly believed and understood by the Sioux that a child is the greatest gift from Wakan Tanka, in response to many devout prayers, sacrifices, and promises. Therefore the child is considered "sent by Wakan Tanka," through some element--namely the element of human nature.
Russell Means (Lakota Sioux): 1939 - Still Going Strong!
"The Indians are dying from too much sympathy; What they want is respect."
Russell Means on Prosperity being a code word for Security:
"That's true, and I think it goes to the colonized mind, in which the attention-span is that of a gnat for the average American. The federal elections prove that. If you're lucky, people will have a three-year memory. But it seems like they'll fall for the same sloganeering of the one- party system that America has been spoon-fed with. People who vote nowadays actually believe they're participating in a two-party system, when it's really the perfect one-party system."
More Russell Means quotes:
"…That's all that America cares about, is pleasing one or more of the senses, because that's what they think happiness is."
"…With the waning of spirituality in America has gone responsibility. Personal responsibility and discipline. There's no discipline! Absolutely, no discipline. You know, they don't even teach you anymore to say "thank you" or "excuse me." You go into any supermarket, and it's like driving on the freeway, you've got to have your shopping-cart [makes motion pushing cart aggressively down aisle] and people bolt into your path! And people pretend you don't exist and they just crash right into you. You go into a department store anywhere in America now, and the words "pardon me," "after you, sir," "after you, ma'am," and "excuse me" don't exist."
"… wherever I speak, or write and interview -- I try to get people to realize: I point to rural America. You know, the settlers aren't needed anymore, the ones who displaced the Indians.
See, the Indians weren't needed, we were in the way of commerce and progress. Well, now the family farmer, the family rancher, they're in the way of progress and commerce. They're no longer needed! The settler is no longer needed in America.
And I tried to tell everyone in the 80s, and the 90s, and now in the new millennium, that everything that America is doing to the world and to the American people was first bred and born on an Indian reservation, and then exported. They perfect their colonial tactics on the American Indians, on the reservations, export it to the world and they've brought it home to roost on the American people.
"…Ted Turner, by the way, buys up all this property around here because he wants to kill some buffalo out there, and we're the only ones out here to protect our property."
Russell Means on the subject that Waco was "the white man's Wounded Knee." And whether he was being literal or symbolic:
Means: "Both. The massacre of my people at Wounded Knee was symbolic to us in that that was our last chance to be free. Koresh represented the same thing: The last chance to be free in America.....for people to be different.
The fact that the government killed men, women and children with impunity.....the scariest part is that Waco's even more dangerous, a bigger warning light.....it's like the miner's canary.
You see, Felix Cohen, a legal scholar back in the 1920s put together all of the spare Indian laws into one collection and called it Indian Law in the United States......He said "the American Indian is the miner's canary for liberty in this country."
He was very prophetic. This was the last light that went out, when the government will attack white people, white women and children and babies, and massacre them and then lie about it, that is the worst sign. And that's when I knew that dissent in this country was officially dead. "
Russell Means with regard to "minority rights":
"It's gone! It's "Fifty per-cent plus one." It's mob rule in this country, and to accept the minority -- whatever minority that is, that 49.9 per cent -- you have to accept what you disagree with in this country. The mob rules, it's not even a democracy, it's not even a republic. It lost its republic status back in the 1840s when it gave the same rights to corporations that the individual has."
More Russell Means quotes:
"A lame duck President always talks about Indian issues."
Means: "But......nothing's going to change for the Indian people, because the government has us exactly where they want us.
No, not passive; They have us impotent. The government has made us impotent. We have no recourse; The Constitution of the United States has never applied to Indians on their reservations -- period. So we have no rights in this country.
We have rights as American citizens if we leave the reservation, but while we live on the reservation we have zero rights. So we have no place to go except the government! And Congress has the ultimate authority.
Now, how would you like it if a committee of 535 looked after you, looked after your welfare? And, yet, you need a majority to decide on any one issue. The administration holds the power of life and death over you.
The Secretary of the Interior is our god. Period. We'll never get rid of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. The only way it'll happen is if the American people rise up and say
"Hey: having a bureau of any kind of ethnic affairs is repugnant, it's anti-democratic, it is communistic."
This is the only place where communism is successfully practiced in the world. Communism is alive and well on Indian reservations run by the United States government."
A last word
here. There have been "voices" raised over the years and centuries, for that matter over the plight of the Native American, be it as so-called history depicts them, or how contemporary America ignores them, seemingly rare though those voices may be. And, to this point no one appears to hear nor take any type of lawful action. By "no one", I mean those that are in power or seats of power that most assuredly COULD do something if they but would. I, for one, am not holding my breath.
I would give this Word to the Wise, to the people of America, regardless of your heritage. All nations fall as history of the world has shown…even the mighty Roman Empire. We are within an "age" right now, that could easily develop into a way that Americans find themselves being remembered as once mighty. They could find themselves speaking just as eloquently as the Native American did and does, now and basically, in just as futile manner.
In the world of Today, with its six billion, it is not so much how "mighty" you are, it is if you have more "friends" than "enemies". And this, people, begins right at home. If America does not take care with respect and honor ALL OF ITS OWN, America will end up having no one within this great nation to guard their back.
Not that I say various people within America will rise up in rebellion at first sign of American weakness..no; I mean that when needed they simply will not be there, but instead stand back to watch and say: Well, what goes around - comes around. And, who could blame them, if they did?
So, next time you see or read about Native Americans think about the personages you have seen speak here. Be not so quick to judge that anyone different than you is stupid, ignorant, or a savage barbarian with no capacity for learning or understanding; for one day those that are so described could very well include you. After all, if/when the Time comes, and it sure will…when every individual will have to account for their very thoughts, words and actions; upon whom will The Creator smile upon, those that voice in harmony as the quotes above show, or those that even to this very day speak and harbor in their hearts such as these last two quotes - definitely non-Native American:
L. Frank Baum, author of The Wizard of Oz, wrote in the Aberdeen Saturday Pioneer on December 15, 1890 and again in January 3, 1891 -
So, in closing I ask: Just who are the Ignorant Savages here?
The quotes have many sources; some I have remembered over the years; some I came across during ten plus years of cyber surfing and jotted them down never dreaming I would use them in an endeavor of this sort; a couple of them were "gifts" from my mother; some were sent to me via email and I have long since forgotten who sent them; and some were from a book published by Running Press called Native American Wisdom which was copyrighted in 1994. This is the best I can do as to giving credit, and I hope it suffices, for is it not the more important that such wise sayings and words be passed on to as many as possible?
CONTINUES IN PART 2