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             ALTERNATIVE TRIBAL NAMES

 
                                       
 

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Phil Konstantin - November 23, 2001 
www.americanindian.net

     Many tribes have more than one name. Some tribes have a name they give to the world, and another name which was meant to be used only amongst themselves. Some tribes became know by the names other tribes called them. For example, Cherokee is name given to them by others. Eventually, so many Europeans/Americans and other tribes called them this, they started calling themselves Cherokee, too. There are many variations on how Europeans spelled tribal names. Lewis & Clark refer to the IOWA (pronounced Eye-oh-way) Indians with spellings that varied from page to page. I have not included every possible phonetic spelling, just some of the major ones. 

     One additional point, some tribes have been referred to by a name which is not their real name, nor do they officially acknowledge that name. However, because it has been misused so often, I have listed the incorrect name. I have listed it so readers could understand the original reference. 

abenaki (western): alnonba, abnaki
adai: nateo     
adamstown: upper mattaponi
alabama: alibamu
aleut:  alutiiq, unangan
anadarko:    nadaco
anishinabeg:    chippewa, ojibwa
apache:    n de,dine,tinde,inde,shis inde,
apache mohave:  yavapai
appomattoc:    apamatuks
arapahoe:  inunaina, atsina
arikara:   northern pawnee
assiniboin: hohe
athapaskan: dene
atsina:     haaninin
aztec:    nahua, nahuatl
bannock:  panaiti 
bear river indians: niekeni
bellabella:  heiltsuqu, heiltsuk
bellacoola: nuxalk 
blackfoot:  nitsi-tapi, peigan, piegan, pikuni (northern), sarcee,
   siksika, sisaka (southern)", sihasapa, stoney
blood:    kainai, kainaiwa
brule sioux:  si can gu
caddo: adai, eyeish, hasinai, hainai, kadohodacho,
   kadohadacho confederacy, natchitoches 
calusa:      calos, carlos, muspa
campo: kumeyaay
Carrier:   wet'suwet'en
catawba: esaw, ushery
cayuga:    kweniogwen, iroquois
cayuse:   wailetpu, te-taw-ken
chakchiuma: shaktci homma
chemehuevi: tantawats
chetco:  tolowa
cherokee:    tsa-la-gi, keetoowah, ani-yun-wiya, anikituhwagi
cheyenne:  dzi tsi stas, sowonia (southern), o mi sis (northern)
chippewa:  anishinabeg, ojibwa
chitimacha: pantch-pinunkansh
choctaw: chakchiuma, chatot
chumash: santa barbara indians
clackamas: guithlakimas
clallam:  s'klallam, nusklaim,tlalem
cocopah: xawitt kunyavaei 
coeur d'alene: skitswish
comanche: detsanayuka, kotsoteka, nermernuh, noconi, nokoni,
  numunuu, padouca (sioux word), penateka, pennande, quahadi, yamparika 
comox:  catloltx
copane: kopano, quevenes
cora: nayarit
coushatta: koasati, acoste
cowichan: khowutzun
cree: kenistenoag,iyiniwok
creek: muskogee, abihika, abeika, hitchiti
crow: absaroke 
cuthead: pabaksa
delaware: lenni lenape, lenape, abnaki, alnanbai, wampanoag,
  munsee, unami, unalachitgo, powhatan-renpe
dieguenos: comeya, tipai, ipai, kumeyaay
eskimo: inuit, inupiat, inuvialuit, yupik 
fox: mesquaki 
ganawese: conoys, piscataways
gros ventre: atsina (prairie), hidatsa (missouri), ah-ah-nee-nin,
  minnetaree
hainai: ioni
havasupai:  suppai
hopi: hopitu,hopitu shinumu, moqui, hapeka
hualapai: hwal'bay, walapai
hupa: natinnohhoi
huron:  wendat, wyandot
ingalik athapaskans: deg het'aniowa: pahodja
iroquois: haudenosaunee,hodenosaunee,ongwanosionni,
  hotinonshonni
jemez: tuwa
jicarilla apache: tinde
kamia: tipai
kansa: hutanga, kansas, kanza, kaw, 
kato: tlokeang
keres: pueblo, acoma, cochiti, isleta, laguna, san felipe,
  santa ana, santo domingo, zia
kickapoo: kiwigapawa 
kiowa: kwuda,tepda,tepkinago, gaigwu
kiowa apache:  nadiisha dena
klamath: eukshikni maklaks, auksni
klickitat: qwulhhwaipum
kootenai: kuronoqa, kutenai

koso:

panamint

kutchin:

gwich'in

kutenai:

asanka,

lillooet:

lil'wat, st't'imc

lipan:

naizhan

lower sioux:

mdewakanton, wahpekute

lumbee:

cheraw

maicopa: 

pipatsji

makah: 

kwenetchechat

mandan:

metutahanke (after 1837), numakaki (before 1837)

manhattan: 

rechgawawank

manso: 

maise, mansa, manse, manxo, gorreta, gorrite, tanpachoa 

maricopa:

xalchidom pii-pash, pipatsje, pee-posh

miami:  twightwis, twa-h-twa-h, Wa-ya-ta-no-ke, oumameg or
   omaumeg (chippewa), pkiwi-leni (shawnee) 
micmac: mi'kmaq
missouri: niutachi
moapa: moapariats
modoc: moatokni, okkowish
mohave:

mojave, tzinamaa, ahamakav

mohawk:

kanienkahaka, kaniengehage, abenaki, iroquois

molala:

latiwe

mono: monache
moratoc: nottoway
mosopelea:  ofom
munsee: minasinink
nanticoke: unalachtgo
navajo: din, dineh, tenuai, navaho
nez perce: neemeepoo, kamuinu, nimipu, tsutpeli, sahaptin, chopunnish (e)
nisga'a: git' lissums
nootka:  nuu-chah-nulth
northern ojibwa: saulteaux
ogallala:  okandanda
ojibwa: chippewa, anishinabeg, missisauga, saginaw
okanagon: isonkuaili
oneida: iroquois 
onondaga: iroquois
osage: wakon, wazhazhe, pahatsi, utsehta
ottawa:  adawe
otto: chewaerae
oulaouaes:  necariages
paiute: numa
panamint: timbisha
papagos: tohono o'odham, ak-chin, tohono au'autam
passamaquoddy: peskedemakddi
patchogue: unkechaug
pawnee: pariki, chahiksichahiks, ckirihki kuruuriki, awah.i 
pecos:  pueblos from jemez
pend d'oreilles: kalispel
penobscot: pannawanbskek, penaubsket
petun:  khionontateronon, tionontati 
peigan: piegan, blood, kainai, pikuni, pigunni
pima:  onk akimel au-authm, tohono o'odham, a-atam, akimul au'autam, akimel O'oodham 
piro:  tortuga, 
pit river: achomawi, atsugewi
poosepatuck: unkechaug
quapaw: quapah, akansea, ouaguapas
quileute: quil-leh-ute
quinault: qui-nai-elts
sac and fox: sauk, meshkwakihug, fox, british band
sahwnee: shawadasay 
salish:  okinagan, flathead
sans arc: itazipco
santee: sisseton
saponi: monasukapanough
sarcee: tsuu t'ina
seminole: ikaniuksalgi, alachua, mikasuki
seneca:  iroquois
serrano:  cowangachem, mohineyam
shawnee:  savannah
shoshone:  shoshoni, snake
sioux: brule, dakota, hunkpapa, isanyati, itazipco, lakota,
  mnikowoju, nakota, ocheti shakowin, oglala, oohenunpa, sicangu, sihasapa, teton, titunwan
sissipahaw: haw
skagit: humaluh
skoskomish: twana
squinamish: swinomish
slotas: red river metis 
songish: lkungen
southern paiute: numa
st.francis: abenaki
st.regis mohawk: akwesasne, kaniengehage
stockbridge: mahican, stoney bearspaw, chiniki, and wesley/goodstoney)
susquehanna: susquehannock, conestoga
taidnapam: upper cowlitz
tejas: hasinai, cenis
tenino:  melilema
teton:  brule, hunkpapa, itazipco, mnikowoju, oglala,
   oohenunpa, sicangu, sihasapa, titunwan
tewa: pueblo, nambe, pojoaque, san ildefonso, san juan,
  santa clara, tesuque
thompson: nlaka'pamux
tigua: pueblo, tiwa, tortuga
tillamook: killamuck
timucua: utina,acuera
timbisha:  panamint
tiwa:  pueblo, tortuga
tobacco: khionontateronon, tionontati
toltec: chiaimeca mochanecatoca
tonkawa: titskan watitch, titskanwatitch, tonkaweya
tubatulabal:  bahkanapul, kern river
tunica:  yoron
tuscarora: skarure, iroquois
tututni: tolowa
twana: tuadhu
two kettle: oohenonpa
umpqua:  etnemitane
upper chehalis: kwaiailk
upper sioux: sisseton, wahpeton
ute:  noochi, notch, nuciu
wampanoag:  pokanoket
warm springs: tilkuni
wasco: galasquo
watlala: katlagakya

whilkut: 

redwood indians
winnebago:  winipig
wichita: kitikiti'sh, kidikittashe, Wia chitch (choctaw word)
wishram: ilaxluit, tlakluit
wyandot: huron, talamatans
yakama: yakima, tiin-ma, waptailmin, pakiutlema
yazoo: chakchiuma
yoncalla: tchayankeld

yuchi

chisa
yuma:  quechan, euqchan
zun ashiwi, taa ashiwani


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